California Penal Code Sections Explained

Accessory after the Fact | California Penal Code 32 PC – Any person who helps a principal felon avoid or escape, arrest, trial, conviction or punishment after the felony has been committed.

California Bribery of Public Employees | California Penal Code 67 & 68 PC – Under California Law a bribe takes place when a public official corruptly makes a decision or intervenes on behalf of someone in exchange for money or something of value.

Resisting an Executive Officer | California Penal Code 69 PC  – Any person who attempts or knowingly resists to stop or to prevent an executive officer from performing his/her duty by using threat or violence.

Bribery of Elected Officials | California Penal Code 85 & 86 PC – Bribery to elected legislators which entails giving something of value to an elected legislator for the purpose of influencing his/her act/decision/opinion in your favor.

Bribery of Judges or Jurors | California Penal Code 92 & 93 PC – Bribes to judges or jurors which entails giving something of value to judges or jurors for the purpose of influencing his/her act/decision/opinion in your favor.

Perjury Charges Explained | California Penal Code 118 PC – Intentionally providing false information that you know to be false while you are under oath.

Police Officers Filing False Reports | California Penal Code 118.1 PC – A peace officer acting in his official capacity writes and files a report in a criminal case that he knows contains a false statement concerning a material matter in the case.

Offering False Evidence Explained | California Penal Code 132 PC – Offering false evidence entails knowingly presenting false written evidence as if it were true or real in any legal proceeding and/or upon any inquiry authorized by law.

Preparing False Evidence | California Penal Code 134 PC – Preparing any false matter or thing (as will be defined below) with intent that it would be used for a fraudulent purpose at any legal proceeding and/or upon any inquiry authorized by law.

Destroying or Concealing Evidence | California Penal Code 135 – Every person who, knowing that any book, paper, record, instrument in writing, or other matter or thing, is about to be produced in evidence upon any trial, inquiry, or investigation whatever, authorized by law, willfully destroys or conceals the same, with intent thereby to prevent it from being produced.

Dissuading a Witness or Victim | California Penal Code 136.1 – dissuading a witness entails knowingly and maliciously preventing or dissuading a victim or witness to a crime from any of the following acts:(1) attending or testifying in a proceeding, (2) making a report, (3) Cooperating or providing information, (4) seeking the arrest of someone in connection with a crime.

Bribery of Witnesses | California Penal Code 137 & 138 PC – Entails the offense of giving a witness a bribe in connection with his/her testimony pertaining to a crime in a legal proceeding.

Tampering with or Planting Evidence | Penal Code 141 – A person intentionally tampers with or plants evidence with the intent that another person be charged with a crime.

Resisting Arrest | California Penal Code 148(a)(1) PC – Prohibits one to resist, obstruct, or delay a law enforcement officer in the performance of his/her duty.

False Report of an Emergency | Penal Code 148.3 – Any individual who reports, or causes any report to be made, to any city, county, city and county, or state department, district, agency, division, commission, or board, that an “emergency” exists, and who knows that the report is false,

Making a False Fire Alarm | California Penal Code 148.4 PC – Prohibits one to make a false report of a fire alarm or other fire protection equipment.

Making a False Report of a Crime | Penal Code 148.5 – Prohibits one to make a false report of a felony or misdemeanor to a peace officer, prosecutor, grand jury, or any employee designated to accept reports of criminal activity from citizens.

False Representation of Identity to a Police Officer | Penal Code 148.9 – Offense is a misdemeanor for which the penalties may include up to 6 months in county jail or by a fine, not exceeding $1,000, or by both fine and imprisonment.

Fraudulent Conveyance by a Judgment Debtor | Penal Code 155 –  Prohibits a party in a pending matter or a losing party against whom a judgment has been entered for the recovery of their personal property from selling, giving away, or transferring in some way his/her personal property to someone else to avoid the winning party in the case from recovering the judgment amount.

Bribery of County Supervisors Laws Explained | Penal Code 165 PC – Prohibits giving or offering a bribe to any member of any common council, board of supervisors, or board of trustees of any county, city and county, city, or public corporation, with intent to corruptly influence such member.

Contempt of Court Laws | California Penal Code 166 PC –  Different types of behavior that are essentially disrespectful to the court. The most serious of which is a willfull violation of a court order.

“Conspiracy” Charges Explained | California Penal Code 182 PC – An agreement between two or more people to commit a criminal act and an act taken by one or more parties of a conspiracy in furtherance of one or more of the criminal objectives of the conspiracy.

Money Laundering | California Penal Code 186.10 PC  – Financial transactions made to further criminal activity or to process funds gained through criminal activity. Money laundering might be used as a way to hide money gained unlawfully.

Gang Enhancement | California Penal Code 186.22 PC – Committed a crime for the benefit of a gang.

Murder | California Penal Code 187 PC – Prohibits an unlawful killing of a human being or fetus with malice aforethought.

Gross Vehicular Manslaughter While Intoxicated | Penal Code 191.5(a) PC – Is the unlawful killing of a human being while driving a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs with gross negligence.

Negligent Vehicular Manslaughter While Intoxicated | Penal Code 191.5(b) PC – Is the unlawful killing of a human being, without malice aforethought, while driving a vehicle in violation of vehicle code 23152, 23153 or  23140 without gross negligence.

Voluntary Manslaughter Laws Explained | Penal Code 192(a) PC – Killing that a defendant commits upon a sudden quarrel or in the heat of passion.

Involuntary Manslaughter | California Penal Code 192(b) PC – Unintentional homicide that occurs either during the commission of non-felony crimes or during lawful conduct engaged in a reckless manner.

Mayhem | California Penal Code 203 PC – Unlawfully and maliciously deprives a human being of a member of his body, or disables, disfigures, or renders it useless, or cuts or disables the tongue, or puts out an eye, or slits the nose, ear, or lip, is guilty of mayhem.

Aggravated Mayhem | California Penal Code 205 PC – Maliciously causing disability or disfigurement to another’s body with extreme indifference to their physical or psychological well-being.

Torture | California Penal Code 206 – The intentional infliction of extreme pain and suffering upon another person.

Kidnapping | California Penal Code 207, 208, 209 – The act of moving another person from one place to another against his or her will while using force or fear to do so.

Kidnapping During the Commission of A Carjacking (California Penal Code 209.5) – Entails the act kidnapping a person to facilitate the commission of the carjacking

Extortion by Posing as a Kidnapper | California Penal Code 210 – Person poses as someone who is either the kidnapper or someone who aided and abetted a kidnapper, or as someone who has the authority to obtain release of the kidnapped victim.

False Imprisonment of A Hostage to Avoid Arrest | Penal Code 210.5 – Defendant using force of threat of force against a victim to make the victim stay or go somewhere against the victim’s will so that the defendant can avoid arrest.

Robbery | California Penal Code 211 PC – Taking property that is not yours from another person’s possession and immediate presence.

Carjacking | Penal Code 215 PC – The felonious taking of a motor vehicle in the possession of another, against his or her will and with the intent to either permanently or temporarily deprive the person in possession of the motor vehicle of his or her possession, accomplished by means of force or fear.

False Imprisonment | California Penal Code 236 PC – The unlawful violation of the personal liberty of another.

Assault | California Penal Code 240 PC – An unlawful attempt, coupled with a present ability, to commit a violent injury to another.

Battery | Penal Code 242 PC – Simple battery has three main elements: (1) unlawful and willful; (2) application of force or violence; (3) upon the person of another.  The touching, contact, or force can be accomplished indirectly by causing an object, or someone else, to touch the other person.

Battery on a Peace or Police Officer | Penal Code 243(b) 243(c)(2) – Battery on a peace officer applies to the specific situation where the application of force or violence is directed towards a peace officer.

Battery Causing Serious Bodily Injury – Penal Code 243(d) pc – This type of battery requires that the offensive touching caused injury.

Sexual Battery – Penal Code 243.4 pC – Sexual battery is harmful or offensive touching of a person’s intimate areas.

Domestic Battery | Penal Code 243(e)(1) pc – When a battery is committed against a spouse, a person with whom the defendant is cohabiting, a person who is the parent of the defendant’s child, former spouse, fiance, or fiancee, or a person with whom the defendant currently has, or has previously had, a dating or engagement relationship.

Assault With a Deadly Weapon | Penal Code 245(a)(1) PC –  The commission of an assault upon another person using a deadly weapon, another instrument, or by means of force that is likely to cause great bodily injury to another.

Assault With A Firearm -Penal Code 245(a)(2) PC

Assault By Means Likely To Produce Great Bodily Injury – Penal Code 245(a)(4)

Hazing – penal Code 245.6 PC

Shooting At Inhabited Dwelling Or Occupied Vehicle | Penal Code 246

Negligent Discharge Of Firearm | California Penal Code 246.3 PC

Rape | Penal Code 261 – Nonconsensual sexual intercourse accomplished by force, threat, or fraud with a person who is not the spouse of the perpetrator.

Statutory Rape – Penal Code 261.5 pc

Spousal Rape – Penal Code 262 PC

Corporal Injury To Spouse or Co-habitant (Domestic Violence) – Penal Code 273.5 PC

Violating A Restraining Order | Penal Code 273.6 PC

Indecent Exposure | Penal Code 314 PC – Willful exposure of one’s genitals to another person, for the purpose of either gratifying oneself or offending the other person.

Elder Abuse – Penal Code 368 PC

Disturbing The Peace | Penal Code 415 PC

Drawing or Exhibiting (Brandishing) a Firearm or Weapon – Penal Code 417 pc

Criminal Threats | Penal Code 422 – The crime of threatening to kill or seriously injure someone.

Arson – Penal Code 451 PC

Reckless Burning – Penal Code 452 PC

Burglary | Penal Code 459 PC

Shoplifting | Penal Code 459.5 PC

Possession Of Burglary Tools – Penal Code 466 PC

Check Fraud – Penal Code 476 PC – This crime is committed by possessing, presenting or attempting to pass a fake or counterfeit check or one where the payor’s signature is forged.

Bad Checks – Penal Code 476(a)

Petty Theft | Penal Code 484 – The intentional and unlawful taking of the personal property of another.

Possessing Stolen Credit Card – Penal Code 484e PC

Forgery Of Credit Cards And Information | Penal Code 484f PC

Fraudulent Use Of An Access Card | penal Code 484g PC

Counterfeiting Credit Cards | Penal Code 484i PC

Appropriation Of Lost Property | Penal Code 485 

Grand Theft Auto | Penal Code 487(d)(1) PC – The intentional taking away of a motor vehicle that belongs to someone else.

Grand Theft | Penal Code 487 pc – Law on grand theft defines grand theft as the intentional taking away of the property of another when the property stolen was worth more than $950.

Receiving Stolen Property -Penal Code 496 pc

Identity Theft – Penal Code 530.5 PC

Abandoning or Damaging An Auto | Penal Code 548

Referring of Soliciting Auto Insurance Fraud Business | Penal Code 549

Health Care Fraud | Penal Code 550

Vandalism | Penal Code 594 PC

Trespass | Penal Code 602 – Entry onto the property of another without permission or a right to do so.

Commercial Bribery – Penal Code 641.3 PC

Lewd Conduct | Penal Code 647(a) pc

Prostitution & Solicitation | California Penal Code 647(b) PC – Offering to, agreeing to, any lewd and or sexual act between persons for money or other consideration.

Drunk In Public | California Penal Code 647(f) PC  – Specifically punishes the conduct of being so drunk in public that you cannot exercise care for your own safety or the safety of others; or if you are so drunk that you are interfering with, obstructing, or preventing others from using streets, sidewalks, or other “public ways.”

Peeking While Loitering | Penal Code 647(i) PC

Invasion Of Privacy | Penal Code 647(j) PC

Loitering With Intent To Commit Prostitution | Penal Code 653.22 PC

Supervising Or Aiding A Prostitute | Penal Code 653.23 PC

Petty Theft With a Prior Conviction | Penal Code 666 PC – Much heavier penalties if you have certain prior convictions on your record for which you served time in a jail or state prison.

Alternative Sentencing Drug Diversion Program (DEJ) | Penal Code 1000 – Prop 36 and defereed entry of judgement programs.

Misdemeanor Expungement | California Penal Code 1203.4 PC – Can allow you to have a misdemeanor conviction removed from your record in California.

California’s “Great Bodily Injury” Law – Penal Code 12022.7 PC

California Laws For Carrying A Dirk or Dagger | Penal Code 21310 PC

Carrying A Switchblade – Penal Code 21510 PC

Carrying A Concealed Weapon – Penal Code 25400 pC

Carrying A Loaded Firearm In Public or Your Vehicle | Penal Code 25850 PC  -It is illegal in California to carry a loaded firearm in public or on a public street in an incorporated area or in a vehicle unless you are an exempt person

Openly Carrying An Unloaded Firearm | Penal Code 26350 PC

Unlicensed Sale Of Firearms | Penal Code 26500 PC

Felon With A Firearm | Penal Code 29805 PC